chest /tʃest/ (n) the top part of the front of the body, between the neck and the stomach Example: a hairy chest
could /kəd/ modal verb used as the past tense of ‘can’ Example: She said that she couldn't come.
cream /kriːm/ (n) the thick white or pale yellow fatty liquid that rises to the top of milk, used in cooking or as a type of sauce to put on fruit, etc. Example: cream cakes (= containing cream)
debate /dɪˈbeɪt/ (v) a formal discussion of an issue at a public meeting or in a parliament. In a debate two or more speakers express opposite views and then there is often a vote on the issue. Example: The question of the origin of the universe is still hotly debated(= strongly argued about) by scientists.
degree /dɪˈɡriː/ (n) a unit for measuring temperature Example: an angle of ninety degrees (90°)
desert /ˈdezət/ (v) a large area of land that has very little water and very few plants growing on it. Many deserts are covered by sand. Example: She was deserted by her husband.
disapprove /ˌdɪsəˈpruːv/ (v) to think that somebody/something is not good or suitable; to not approve of somebody/something Example: She wants to be an actress, but her parents disapprove.
envelope /ˈenvələʊp/ (n) a flat paper container used for sending letters in, with a part that you stick down to close it Example: an airmail/padded/prepaid envelope
ex- /eks/ prefix Example: ex-president
friendship /ˈfrendʃɪp/ (n) a relationship between friends Example: friendships formed while she was at college
make-up /ˈmeɪk.ʌp/ (n) to put powder, lipstick , etc. on your/somebody’s face to make it more attractive or to prepare for an appearance in the theatre, on television, etc. Example: to put on your make-up
measure /ˈmeʒə(r)/ (n) to find the size, quantity, etc. of something in standard units Example: We must take preventive measures to reduce crime in the area.
mineral /ˈmɪnərəl/ (n) a substance that is naturally present in the earth and is not formed from animal or vegetable matter, for example gold and salt. Some minerals are also present in food and drink and in the human body and are essential for good health. Example: the recommended intake of vitamins and minerals
mostly /ˈməʊstli/ (adj) mainly; generally Example: The sauce is mostly cream.
onto /ˈɒntə/ (pre) used with verbs to express movement on or to a particular place or position Example: She stepped down from the train onto the platform.