additional /əˈdɪʃənl/ (adj) more than was first mentioned or is usual Example: The government provided an additional £25 million to expand the service.
badly /ˈbædli/ (adj) without skill or care Example: to play/sing badly
betting /ˈbetɪŋ/ (n) the act of risking money, etc. on the unknown result of an event Example: illegal betting
boat /bəʊt/ (n) a vehicle (smaller than a ship) that travels on water, moved by oars, sails or a motor Example: Have you ever piloted a boat?
bomb /bɒm/ (n) a weapon designed to explode at a particular time or when it is dropped or thrown Example: a bomb goes off/explodes
careful /ˈkeəfl/ (adj) giving attention or thought to what you are doing so that you avoid hurting yourself, damaging something or doing something wrong Example: Be careful what you say.
concentrate /ˈkɒnsntreɪt/ (v) to give all your attention to something and not think about anything else Example: Nothing concentrates the mind better than the knowledge that you could die tomorrow (= it makes you think very clearly).
contrasting /kənˈtrɑːstɪŋ/ (adj) very different in style, colour or attitude Example: bright, contrasting colours
downward /ˈdaʊnwəd/ (adj) moving or pointing towards a lower level Example: She was trapped in a downward spiral of personal unhappiness.
effect /ɪˈfekt/ (n) a change that somebody/something causes in somebody/something else; a result Example: I can certainly feel the effects of too many late nights.
fever /ˈfiːvə(r)/ (n) a medical condition in which a person has a temperature that is higher than normal Example: Aspirin should help reduce the fever.
friend /frend/ (n) a person you know well and like, and who is not usually a member of your family Example: a close/good friend
however /haʊˈevə(r)/ (adj) used to introduce a statement that contrasts with something that has just been said Example: However carefully I explained, she still didn't understand.
i.e. /ˌaɪ ˈiː/ abbreviation Example: The hotel is closed during low season, i.e. from October to March.
inability /ˌɪnəˈbɪləti/ (n) the fact of not being able to do something Example: Some families go without medical treatment because of their inability to pay.