aperture /ˈapətʃə/ a small opening in something Example:
aspect ratio /ˈaspɛkt ˈreɪʃɪəʊ/ the relationship between the height and width of the image on the screen of a television, an electronic device, etc. Example:
autofocus /ˈɔːtə(ʊ)ˌfəʊkəs/ (n) part of a camera that adjusts (= makes changes to) the focus as it prepares for a picture to be taken, so that the picture will be clear Example:
bokeh /ˈbəʊkeɪ/ (n) a blurred (= not clear) effect used in photography Example:
color calibration /ˈkʌlə kalɪˈbreɪʃ(ə)n/ (n) is to measure and/or adjust the color response of a device (input or output) to a known state. Example:
color temperature /ˈkʌlə ˈtɛmp(ə)rətʃə/ is the temperature of an ideal black-body radiator that radiates light of a color comparable to that of the light source Example:
compression /kəmˈprɛʃ(ə)n/ the act of pressing things together or pressing something into a smaller space Example:
depth of field /dɛpθ əv fiːld/ the distance between the nearest and the furthest objects that a camera can produce a clear image of at the same time Example:
exposure /ɪkˈspəʊʒə/ the state of being in a place or situation where there is no protection from something harmful or unpleasant Example: Her new movie has had a lot of exposure in the media.
file format /fʌɪl ˈfɔːmat/ (n) is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file Example:
floor /flɔː(r)/ (n) the surface of a room that you walk on Example: The body was lying on the kitchen floor.
focus /ˈfəʊkəs/ to give attention, effort, etc. to one particular subject, situation or person rather than another Example:
histogram /ˈhɪstəɡram/ (n) a diagram that uses rectangles (= bars) of different heights (and sometimes different widths ) to show different amounts, so that they can be compared Example:
ISO /ʌɪɛsˈəʊ/ International Organization for Standardization (an organization established in 1946 to make the measurements used in science, industry and business standard throughout the world) Example: